Effects of a randomized controlled trial of transcendental meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease. International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology. Animal studies [ 54 ] have consistently demonstrated that testosterone is atheroprotective, whereas testosterone deficiency promotes the early stages of atherogenesis; however, the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. Glucagon-like peptide-1 GLP-1 has protective effects in the heart [ 66 ], mitigating coronary microvascular dysfunction through a reduction in oxidative stress [ 67 ]. Patients with either childhood- or adulthood-onset GHD have cardiovascular abnormalities such as reduced cardiac mass, impaired diastolic filling and left ventricular response at peak exercise, increased intima-media thickness, and endothelial dysfunction.
Cardiovascular reactivity during positive and negative marital interactions.
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Adverse events associated with testosterone administration. Several other chefs are between gigs, successful caterers, moved on from L. Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients. Journal of Cell Biology. Conclusion In the present review, we depicted how psychoneurological, hormonal, and immune functions affect and regulate cardiovascular homeostasis and in particular coronary function Figure 4.